Careful, collaborative, community-minded: Baffinland's approach to minimizing our impact on caribou.
Baffinland understands the importance of healthy caribou populations to Nunavummiut. We work closely with hunters and Elders and are committed to doing everything we can to support healthy, thriving caribou populations throughout the Mary River mine's life—and after the mine closes.
Nearly a decade before Baffinland began mining at Mary River, we began working with Inuit in a series of community meetings and workshops to learn about North Baffin Island caribou—their movements, habitat and overall numbers—from those who know them best. Held in Pond Inlet, Arctic Bay, Igloolik, Sanirajak, and Clyde River in 2007 and 2008, residents, including hunters and Elders, shared valuable observations, knowledge, and experiences with our team.
Based on these discussions and other survey data, the North Baffin Island caribou population was found to fluctuate on a cycle that lasts roughly two generations, with approximately 60 to 70 years between peaks. The most recent peak occurred from the late-1970s until the early-1990s when the herd's population numbered up to 150,000 caribou.
The North Baffin caribou population began to decline in the late-1990s. As told to us through the meetings and workshops, the caribou are now in their cycle's low point. The reasons for these population cycles are not confirmed, but some Inuit Elders and hunters suggest a major factor is food availability. Caribou return to where lichen has regrown, and populations are likely to increase when caribou trails have once again grown over with vegetation, which could occur within the next thirty years.
By incorporating Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ) into our Project's baseline studies, Baffinland started with a clear picture of the herd's health before building the Mary River mine. The caribou monitoring programs at Mary River were developed by working with Inuit hunters, community residents, and Elders. Our plans and designs take their knowledge into account to avoid or reduce any potential harm to caribou. Today, we continue to incorporate IQ to ensure we minimize any impacts our operation may have on caribou.
During the calving season in late May to early June, we conduct height of land surveys, borrowing strategies from hunters and using high points on the land to find and observe caribou to monitor their behaviour near the Project. Although caribou interactions are uncommon due to their current low population density, our on-site staff also provide important observations about caribou abundance, distribution, and behaviour, when caribou are seen near the Project. Meanwhile, our snow tracking surveys look at how caribou interact with the Tote Road, while snowbank management and height surveys make sure that snowbanks do not limit caribou movements. On a larger scale, Baffinland supports the Government of Nunavut's Department of Environment with its regional caribou distribution surveys.
So far, we have noted through what has been shared with us that caribou calving is generally spread out over the landscape and that caribou do not all return to gather in one single area. Assessing the Mary River Project's effects on North Baffin Island caribou is difficult because of the low population density since there are fewer caribou sightings. During low points in the population cycles, caribou likely avoid all human activities, including the Mary River Project. Although caribou are spotted near the Project from time to time, the mine's effects are likely not harmful to the overall population because the caribou are so widely dispersed in the region.
Throughout the Nunavut Impact Review Board's assessment of the Phase 2 Project proposal, Baffinland has responded to Inuit concerns by making commitments to limit potential impacts to caribou. These commitments include:
- We are making changes to the railway design, including gradually sloping some of the embankment to make it 'gentler' and reducing the size of fill material to make it 'smoother'.
- We are developing a pilot program to implement further reductions in the slope of embankments at key areas where caribou may be most likely to cross in the future, as identified through IQ and western science studies.
- We are creating a new process where Inuit and regulators may propose areas along the railway, once built, that require modification based on their experience or monitoring results to create greater caribou crossing potential.
The Inuit Certainty Agreement also provides Inuit direct approval authority over monitoring indicators, thresholds of acceptable change, and mitigation responses. For caribou, this means Baffinland and Inuit must agree on when additional mitigations are required to prevent potential impacts to caribou and what those mitigation measures will be.
Baffinland understands the importance of continued monitoring to support and protect North Baffin Island caribou. We involve Inuit at every stage of the process to make sure our caribou monitoring program is dependable and appropriate for the unique North Baffin Island ecology. Baffinland is committed to ongoing collaboration with Inuit wherever possible to build strong relationships and strong monitoring and mitigation programs, so that together we can ensure the North Baffin Island caribou population remains for generations to come.
ᐱᑎᐊᖅᑐᑦ, ᑲᑐᔾᔨᔪᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂᒃ ᐃᓱᒪᔪᑦ: ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᔾᔪᓯᖓᑦ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍᓗ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᕗᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ.
ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᕗᑦ ᐱᕐᔪᐊᖑᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᖃᓄᐃᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᑎᒥᒃᑯᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᐃᑦ ᓄᓇᕘᒥᐅᓄᑦ. ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒋᑦᑎᐊᖃᑦᑕᕋᑦᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑏᑦ ᐃᓐᓇᐃᓪᓗ ᐊᖏᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑕᓗ ᖃᓄᓕᒫᖅ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᖅᑐᑦ ᑐᒃᑑᖃᑎᒌᑦ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᑉ ᐊᐅᓚᓂᓕᒫᖓᓄᑦ—ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᕐᕕᒡᓗ ᒪᑐᓯᒪᓕᖅᐸᑦ.
ᐊᕐᕌᒍᑦ 10 ᑲᓴᐃᑦ ᓯᕗᓂᐊᓂ ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᓚᐅᖅᑎᓐᓇᒋᑦ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ, ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒋᓕᓚᐅᖅᐸᕗᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᔅᓯᓄᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ ᑲᑎᒪᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓂᕐᓄᓪᓗ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ—ᓅᒃᑕᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᓄᓇᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐃᓗᐃᑦᑐᒃᑯᓪᓗ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ—ᑖᒃᑯᓇᙵᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᓛᓂᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᓂᖓ. ᑲᑎᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥ, ᐃᒃᐱᐊᕐᔪᖕᒥ, ᐃᒡᓗᓕᖕᒥ, ᓴᓂᕋᔭᖕᓂ ᑲᖏᖅᑐᒑᐱᖕᒥᓗ 2007ᒥ 2008ᒥᓗ, ᓄᓇᓕᖕᒥᐅᑦ ᐱᖃᓯᐅᖦᖢᒋᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑏᑦ ᐃᓐᓇᐃᓪᓗ, ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᐊᑑᑎᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᓯᒪᔭᕐᒥᓂᑦ, ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᕐᒥᓂᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᓯᒪᔭᕐᒥᓂᓪᓗ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ.
ᑐᙵᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᑖᒃᑯᓄᖓ ᐅᖃᖃᑎᒌᖕᓄᑦ ᐊᓯᓄᓪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᕐᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᐅᔪᓄᑦ, ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᔭᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᐊᑯᓂᐅᑎᒋᐸᓗᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᒪᕐᕉᖕᓄᑦ ᑭᖑᕚᕇᓄᑦ, 60ᓂᑦ 70ᓄᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᐸᓗᖕᓄᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᕆᖃᑦᑕᖅᑕᖏᓐᓄᑦ. ᖃᖓᑦᑎᐊᓵᖅ ᐅᓄᓛᖑᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ 1970 ᓄᖑᑉᐸᓪᓕᐊᓂᐊᓂ 1990 ᐱᒋᐊᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᑦ 150,000 ᖑᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ.
ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕈᓐᓃᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᓄᖑᓕᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ 1990. ᐅᖃᐅᔾᔭᐅᓂᕗᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᖢᒋᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᓂᕐᓂᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓂᕐᓂᓪᓗ, ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᙱᓛᒥᓂᕐᒥᓖᓕᖅᑐᑦ. ᖃᓄᐃᒻᒪᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᖃᑦᑕᕐᒪᖔᑕ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᖏᑦᑐᑦ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐃᓚᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓐᓇᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑎᓪᓗ ᐅᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᕐᔪᐊᖑᕗᖅ ᓂᕿᖃᕐᓂᖅ. ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᑎᓲᖑᕗᑦ ᑎᖏᐅᔭᑦ ᐱᕈᒃᑲᓐᓂᕌᖓᑕ, ᐅᓄᕐᓃᓪᓗ ᐅᓄᖅᓯᒋᐊᖅᑐᒃᓴᐅᓂᐊᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐃᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᕈᕐᕕᐅᓯᒪᓕᕈᑎᒃ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒃᑲᔭᖅᑐᒃᓴᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᒡᒋᖅᑐᓂ 30 ᐊᕐᕌᒍᓂ.
ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᖦᖢᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᓚᐅᖅᑎᓐᓇᒋᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ, ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐱᒋᐊᕈᑎᖃᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᓇᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᓂᖃᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓚᐅᖏᓐᓂᖓᓂ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᕐᕕᒃ. ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓃᑦ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒋᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑏᑦ, ᓄᓇᓕᖕᒥᐅᑦ, ᐃᓐᓇᓪᓗ. ᐸᕐᓇᐅᑎᕗᑦ ᐋᖅᑭᓯᒪᓂᕗᓪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐃᓚᓕᐅᔾᔨᕗᑦ ᐅᐸᒃᑕᐃᓕᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᕐᓗᒋᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐋᓂᖅᓯᓂᐅᑐᐅᓐᓇᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓂᒃ. ᐅᓪᓗᒥ, ᐃᓚᐅᑏᓐᓇᖃᑦᑕᖅᐸᕗᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᑐᖃᖏᑦ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᓪᓚᑦᑖᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐱᑕᖃᕈᓐᓃᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ, ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖏᑦᑕᕌᖓᑦ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓃᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᓂᕗᑦ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᖃᑐᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᖃᖅᑐᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ.
ᕿᑐᕐᖏᐅᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᒪᐃ ᓄᙳᐊᓂ ᔫᓂᐅᑉ ᐱᒋᐊᕐᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖃᑦᑕᕋᑦᑕ ᐳᖅᑐᔪᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᓂᑦ, ᐊᑐᖅᖢᑕ ᖃᓄᖅᑑᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑎᓂᑦ ᐳᖅᑐᓂᕐᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᓂᑦ ᓇᓂᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑕᐅᑐᒡᓗᒋᓪᓗ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᔭᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᒋᐊᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᖃᓂᒋᔮᓂ. ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐅᐸᒃᓯᒐᔪᖏᒃᑲᓗᐊᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᐅᓄᖏᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᕐᕕᖕᒦᑐᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑎᕗᑦ ᑐᓂᓯᖃᑦᑕᕆᕗᑦ ᐊᑑᑎᖃᑦᑎᐊᖅᑐᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᓂᕐᒥᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᕐᒥᓂᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᓇᓃᓐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᑕᑯᔭᐅᕐᔭᕌᖓᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᖃᓂᒋᔮᓂ. ᑕᐃᒪᐃᑦᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᐊᐳᑎᒃᑯᑦ ᑐᒥᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕗᑦ ᑕᑯᓇᖃᑦᑕᖅᐳᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓲᖑᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐅᓯᑲᖅᑕᕐᕕᖕᒧᑦ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᒧᑦ, ᐊᐳᑎᓂᒃ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᓂᕗᑦ ᐳᖅᑐᔪᓂᓪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕗᑦ ᐳᖅᑐᔪᑦ ᐊᐳᑏᑦ ᐱᕕᑭᑎᑦᑎᖏᒻᒪᖔᑕ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᓅᒃᑕᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ. ᐊᖏᓂᖅᓴᒃᑯᑦ, ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᐳᑦ ᓄᓇᕘᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᕙᑎᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᖏᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᓯᒪᔪᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᖃᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᖏᓐᓂᒃ.
ᒫᓐᓇᓄᑦ, ᖃᐅᔨᓯᒪᕗᒍᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᐅᓯᒪᔪᑎᒍᑦ ᐅᕙᑦᑎᓐᓄᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᕿᑐᕐᖏᐅᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᖓᓯᒌᒃᑑᕗᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓪᓗ ᑕᒪᒃᑭᐊᓗᒃ ᐅᑎᓲᖑᙱᓚᑦ ᐊᑕᐅᓯᕐᒧᑦ ᓄᓇᒧᑦ ᐃᓗᐃᑦᑑᓪᓗᑎᒃ. ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᖏᑦ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᒃᓱᕈᕐᓇᖅᐳᖅ ᑐᒃᑐᓂᒃ ᑕᑯᖃᑦᑕᖏᓐᓂᖅᓴᐅᖕᒪᑕ. ᐅᓄᙱᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ, ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᐸᒃᑕᐃᓕᒪᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᒃᓴᐅᕗᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ, ᐱᖃᓯᐅᖦᖢᒍ ᓄᓘᔮᖕᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᖅ. ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᑕᑯᔭᐅᕙᒃᑲᓗᐊᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᖃᓂᒋᔮᓂ ᖃᖓᒥᑦ ᖃᖓᒧᑦ, ᐅᔭᕋᖕᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᑉ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᓗᕆᐊᓇᖅᑐᒃᓴᐅᙱᓚᑦ ᐃᓗᐃᑦᑐᒃᑯᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᓲᖃᐃᒻᒪ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᖓᓯᒌᓪᓚᖕᒪᑕ ᑕᒫᓂ.
ᓄᓇᕘᒥ ᐊᕙᑎᓕᕆᔨᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᑎᒪᔨᖏᑕ ᕿᒥᕈᓂᖓᒍᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᒪᕐᕈᐊᓄᑦ ᐱᔪᒪᓇᓲᑎᒧᑦ, ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᒋᐊᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓱᒫᓘᑎᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᖏᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᐱᕕᑭᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᒃᑐᐃᓂᐅᑐᐃᓐᓇᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ. ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᐊᖏᖅᓯᒪᓃᑦ ᐱᖃᓯᐅᔾᔨᕗᑦ:
- ᐊᓯᔾᔩᔪᒍᑦ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᑯᑖᑉ ᐋᖅᑭᒃᓯᒪᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᐱᖃᓯᐅᖦᖢᒋᑦ ᓯᕕᖓᔪᓐᓃᖅᑎᑦᑎᓃᑦ ᓯᕕᖓᔪᓄᑦ ᓯᕕᖓᖏᓐᓂᖅᓴᐅᓂᐊᕐᒪᑦ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᖅᖢᒋᓪᓗ ᐃᓗᓪᓕᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᔭᕆᐊᓖᑦ ᖃᐃᕋᓐᓂᖅᓴᐅᖁᓪᓗᒍ.
- ᓴᓇᕗᒍᑦ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐹᖅᓯᐅᑎᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᓯᕕᖓᔪᓐᓃᖅᑎᒃᑲᓐᓂᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓄᓇᓪᓗᐊᑕᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐃᑳᕆᐊᕕᒋᒐᔭᓪᓗᐊᖅᑕᖏᓐᓂ, ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᒪᓕᒃᖢᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᔭᑐᖃᖏᑎᒍᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᓯᓂᐊᕐᓂᖅᑎᒍᓪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕐᓂᑦ.
- ᓴᓇᕗᒍᑦ ᓄᑖᒥᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᔾᔪᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔩᓗ ᓇᐅᒃᑰᖁᔭᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᑯᑖᑉ, ᓴᓇᔭᐅᓱᖓᕈᓂ, ᐋᖅᑭᒋᐊᒋᐊᖃᖅᑐᓄᑦ ᒪᓕᒡᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᓯᒪᔭᖏᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕐᓂᓪᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᔭᐅᔪᑦ ᓴᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐃᑳᕐᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᕐᓂᖅᓴᓂᒃ.
ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᓈᒻᒪᒃᓴᕐᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᖏᖃᑎᒌᒍᑎ ᐱᕕᖃᖅᑎᑦᑎᒋᕗᖅ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᒃ ᑕᕝᕗᖓᑲᐅᑎᒍ ᐊᖏᕈᓐᓇᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᒃᑯᑕᑯᑦ ᑭᒡᓕᓄᑦ ᓈᒻᒪᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᖅᑐᓄᑦ, ᐱᐅᖏᑦᑐᓄᓪᓗ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᕐᓂᕐᓄᑦ. ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᑐᑭᖃᖅᐳᖅ ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᓪᓗ ᐊᖏᖃᑎᒌᒋᐊᖃᖅᐳᑦ ᖃᖓ ᓱᓕᒃᑲᓐᓃᑦ ᐱᐅᖏᑦᑐᓄᑦ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᕈᑏᑦ ᐊᑐᕆᐋᖃᕐᒪᖔᑕ ᑭᓲᒐᔭᕐᒪᖔᑕ ᑕᐃᒃᑯᐊ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᕈᑏᑦ.
ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᕗᑦ ᐱᕐᔪᐊᖑᓂᖓᓂᒃ ᑲᔪᓰᓐᓇᖅᑐᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓃᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓗᒋᑦ ᓴᐳᑎᓗᒋᓪᓗ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ. ᐃᓚᐅᑎᑉᐸᕗᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᓇᐅᒃᑯᓕᒫᖅ ᐱᓕᕆᓂᐅᑉ ᑐᒃᑐᓄᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕗᑦ ᑐᙵᕕᐅᑦᑎᐊᖁᓪᓗᒍᓗ ᓈᒻᒪᒡᓗᓂᓗ ᐊᔾᔨᐅᖏᑦᑐᒧᑦ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᐆᒪᔫᖃᑎᒌᓄᑦ. ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐᑯᑦ ᐊᖏᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ ᑲᔪᓰᓇᖅᑐᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᖕᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᒃ ᖃᖓᑐᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᔪᕐᓇᖏᑦᑕᕌᖓᑦ ᐱᕈᖅᓴᐃᓗᑎᒃ ᓴᙱᔪᓂᒃ ᐃᓅᖃᑎᒌᖕᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᓴᙱᔪᓂᒡᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᕐᓂᒃ ᐱᐅᖏᑦᑐᓄᓪᓗ ᒥᑭᒡᓕᒋᐊᕈᑎᓂᒃ, ᑲᑎᙵᓗᑕ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᑉ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ ᑐᒃᑐᑦ ᐅᓄᕐᓂᖏᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓕᖓᐃᓐᓇᖁᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑭᖑᕚᒐᓚᒃᓴᓄᑦ ᐊᒡᒋᖅᑐᓄᑦ.